Every year there are approximately 152,000 strokes in the UK. That is about one stroke every three and a half minutes.

Most people affected by stroke are over the age of 65 but anyone can suffer a stroke including children and even babies.

My guest Professor Pankaj Sharma explained that some of the main causes of stroke are:

  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity

He explained that high blood pressure is the biggest cause of stroke and can be controlled by reducing salt intake in food.

We also discussed mini-stroke and Pankaj explained that one has a higher chance of having a stroke after having a mini-stroke, than if they did not have a stroke at all. So it is imperative to call 999 in the case of a mini-stroke and get checked by a doctor or nurse.

The key symptoms and signs to look out for when someone is suffering a stroke are to Act F.A.S.T.:

Face – does the face look uneven?

Arm – one arm hanging down?

Speech – slurred?

Time – to call 999 and act fast!

A stroke can be life-changing and have a huge effect on both the person and their family. There are also many different treatments available such as:

  • Taking one or more different medications
  • Surgery

Different types of treatment depend on the causes of the stroke and can also prevent disability that can result from a stroke.

We did have a very uplifting a positive phone call of a case where the caller’s family member had suffered a stroke and had been told he did not have long to live. However, contrary to doctors’ beliefs, he has been making slow but constant progress. The caller explained that maintaining a positive mindset is the key to getting through the effects of stroke.